Over the years, incidences of cancer have spiked considerably, affecting millions of people worldwide. Out of the various types of cancers, high-grade cancers are those that are considered aggressive, as they spread rapidly. Metastasis is defined as the spread of cancer cells to other parts of the body, away from the primary area of formation (where it started). This occurs through the lymph system or through blood, which then forms tumours in other parts. These newly-formed tumours are called secondary tumours.
Actress Sonali Bendre recently revealed that she has been diagnosed with high-grade cancer, and is undergoing treatment in New York.
“A metastasis often occurs in stage IV of different forms of Cancer and is regarded as a serious or advanced stage, due to it being strong enough to spread to different parts of the body,” said Dr Anil Heroor, Fortis Hospital, Mulund & Kalyan.“The most common areas where metastasis develops are the liver, lungs, lymph nodes and bones. A person with lung cancer that has spread to the bones is said to have lung cancer with bone metastasis. In cases where the cancer has spread widely throughout the body even before it is diagnosed, on diagnosis if the area of origin remains unknown, it is known as cancer of unknown primary origin,” added Dr Anil Heroor.
Treatment for metastatic cancer depends on the type of cancer, its place of origin of metastasis, the size of the tumour and other factors. Treatment typically aims at slowing down the growth and the spread.Treatment for these cancers requires systemic therapy that aims at reaching cancer cells at affected parts of the body through chemotherapy, hormonal therapy and immunotherapy. Other types of therapies include radiation, biological therapy and surgery.
On 4 July 2018 she revealed on Twitter that she has been diagnosed with cancer and is currently undergoing treatment in New York city hospital.Her co-stars and members from the film industry like Akshay Kumar, Salman Khan, Karan Johar, Manish Malhotra have poured their well-wishes for her speedy recovery.